Taj Mahal – Introduction and history
Taj Mahal comes in the list of one of the historical monuments in India. The situation of this monument is in a city named Agra in state Uttar Pradesh, India. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan built it. He started building it in year 1632 and completed its work in 1653. Symbol of love is another name for the building. Reason for this is that Shah Jahan built it in the memory of his most lovable wife Mumtaz Mahal. The building is entirely made of white marbles and is situated on the south bank of Yamuna River. A large 300 meter beautifully designed Mughal garden covers this monument.
Hello everyone today I am going to tell you all about Taj Mahal (symbol of love) and some facts about the monument.
Construction and architecture
It took almost 21 years to build Taj Mahal (1632 – 1653). This place has an area of around 17 hectares. At that time Shah Jahan spent almost 32 million rupees in its construction which now has an approximate value of 53 billion rupees. Also he appointed 20,000 artisans for the construction. He also appointed 22,000 people including laborers, stone cutter and painter. The mughal emperor used more than 1,000 elephants to carry materials for construction. Mostly white marbles contributes in its construction. But 28 different type of precious and semi-precious stones were also used.
This place comes in the list of seven wonders of world. Around 8 million people visit this place every year. Most tourists come here in the cold months i.e. October, November and February. Entry fee for Indians is 50rs and for foreigners it is around 1,000rs. This place contributes a lot in Indian Tourism. Indian Government generate a good amount of revenue from this monument.
Area near Taj Mahal
Area near the Taj Mahal is quite good. One can find a list of hotels for the stay. Lot of hotels from 3 star to 5 star are available here.
- Taj Mahal appears to be of different color during the different time of the day and night.
- 99 names of Allah is written on the sides of tomb of Mumtaz mahal.
- There is a prohibition of cars and buses in around 500m of the monument.
- Shah Jahan gave the order to cut off hands of the artisans so that there can never be a monument like this in future.
- Marbles of Taj Mahal have become a little yellowish because of factors like acid rain, pollution from factories nearby.
- Shah Jahan’s wife Mumtaz Mahal died while giving birth to their 14th child.
- Shah Jahan’s third son Aurangzeb gave order for his house arrest.
Lesser known facts
- Mumtaz was Shahjahan’s 4th wife out of his 7 wives.
- Shahjahan killed Mumtaz’s husband to marry her.
- After Mumtaz’s death he married her sister.
Now I am sure that you have learned all about Taj Mahal,
Also know about some of the haunted and beautiful places in India
Bhangarh Fort in Rajasthan
Agrasen Ki Baoli in New Delhi
– By Rahul Chaudhary